About private property¶
The concept of private property is one of the basements of human civilizations. We generally accept the idea that individual humans or groups of humans can “own” certain “resources”. Humans must have the right to pursue their own profit and to satisfy their desire to own things.
Indeed, we cannot expect humans to make efforts if they don’t get some reward for their work. In order to motivate humans to invest their work into something, you must give them a right to govern and use this something. For example you give property right to a given geographical area in order to foster agricultural or architectural activity on that area.
Article 17 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights confirms this when it says that “everyone has the right to own property”.
- private property¶
Something owned by a human or a corporation.
The fact that you have been assigned the responsibility for a resource and the right to manage its usage.
Owning something does not only mean the right of using it but also the responsibility of using it in a way that does not hurt others.
The owner of a resource is responsible for managing it. He invests care and energy to develop the resource, maintain it and share it efficiently. Which implies that they have the right of deciding whether and how to make it available to others.
Types of resources¶
Something useful. Something that can be used by humans and which needs work, care and energy to be discovered, developed, maintained and/or shared efficiently.
owned by a human or a corporation.
Mobile or immobile goods are the most obvious forms of resources.
Money is the most flexible resource.
Territories and areas of the Earth are a particular form of resource.
The name and reputation of a human are a form of resource because they represent a value. Honour. Trustworthiness.
Trademarks and names of companies and organisations are similar in nature to the name and reputation of a physical person. They are the result of business activity. As such they are a particular form of resource.
And then we invented the concept of intellectual property, the most sophisticated form of a resource.
The right to own is inferior to the right to survive¶
Thomas Aquinas introduced the following classification of resources (via fellowdyinginmate):
Resources needed to survive (both individuals and their families).
Resources required to fulfill social responsibilities, these being:
Education and support of the family.
Helping your children in general.
Surplus resources (superflua), remaining after situations (1) and (2) are met.