My synthesis (unfinished)¶
As I was not satisfied with our synthesis, I tried to formulate what the people of good will Estonia actually have to say at the Synod on Synodality. I didn’t finish it in time.
This document is based on the reports I received as a member of the sinoditiim in Estonia during the consultation phase. It is also based on the synthesis developed by that team. It is furthermore based on diverse contributions I heard after the synodal team had closed their synthesis. And it is based on my personal observations during more than 30 years as a Catholic who grew up in Belgium and emigrated to Estonia.
Of course I interpret all these contributions and synthesize them according to my personal beliefs; the result is my personal synthesis, my voice and style, nobody will fully agree with every formulation in this document.
But isn’t this was I was asked to do as the Synodal Contact Person for Estonia? I tried to listen to all those who care for the church “as she is, despite all justified criticism”, who want to help her “on her synodal journey of seeking what is good and true”, including “those who have abandoned the practice of the faith, people from other faith traditions, people who have no religious beliefs at all.” (compare Vademecum 2.1). I listened especially carefully to those who refused to speak to me. Why did they refuse dialogue? What mistakes did I make when communicating with them?
And after listening to all those people, after listening to the Holy Spirit during many prayer meetings, I tried to write a text that would filter out the useless noise and emphasize what is important; a text that is worth your time.
This document can become more than my personal opinion only if a relevant number of individual humans says “that’s what I would say as well”. So at some moment I will have to publish a printable version and collect signatures. There is no other way to test whether this document expresses more than my personal opinion. So when I write “we” in this document, I mean the future signers.
This document remains the work of an amateur who is doing this in his spare time.
Humanity is facing unprecedented challenges: we need to discuss about questions that had never required world-wide consensus before. Lack of synodality all over the world, not only among religious people, causes humans to despair, couples to divorce, governments to fail, wars to break out, and world-wide challenges –like a pandemic or climate changes– to escalate into crises. Humanity is about to destroy itself if we don’t learn synodality.
Also the RCC is facing challenges. Hordes of members leaving the church, consecrated people getting accused of severe crimes, … How is the biggest religious institution in the world going to address these issues?
Lack of synodality in a church community causes people who understand the Gospel to leave that community, and people who don’t understand the Gospel to join her. This doesn’t happen only in the RCC, it also happens in other communities. It is an inter-confessional phenomenon. Of course we need to explain what we mean when we say Understanding the Gospel.
We believe that the world needs a recognized legal person that represents all those who have the right to call themselves “Christians”, and who protects the label “Christian” against those who claim to be “Christian” but aren’t.
The ideal Church might have the most important mission in the world, which is to announce the Gospel to everybody. We believe and profess that there is a Gospel, and that understanding this Gospel is our only path towards salvation and peace in our hearts and on earth. We need to announce and explain this Gospel to everybody if we want to live in sustainable peace on Earth. No private corporation can do this job.
The RCC has the potential of becoming this legal person because it has a series of noteworthy assets. But it will require a series of changes that seem utopian (“church fiction”) right now. For example, a really synodal church institution can’t insist on human-made rules like “abortion, euthanasia and sex without being married are always against the will of God” or “priests must be celibate men”.
The RCC has a few assets that no other church institution has.
1. Consecrated people as individual humans who give their whole lives by renouncing from a family and private property.
The church can be gratefully proud for consecrated people who choose a celibate life and give their whole life for the Kingdom of God, renouncing from all temporal treasures. Consecrated people are a living sign of God’s presence in the visible world. The sacrament of consecration is a unique and sustainable economical model where the church commits towards every consecrated person as their life-long employer.
2. The Holy Mass as a genial smallest common denominator for celebrating communion with all members of the institution.
3. A standardized reading plan of the scriptures that has been tested during centuries. It includes a minimum programme for those who practice only once a week, and a programme with daily readings for those who want more. It is of course cyclic because the Gospel is eternal. It repeats every 3 years, which seems an optimal duration for the cycle. This reading plan might be the best in the world, but of course it remains human work and needs continuous testing and careful maintenance.
4. An apostolic government model with a pope as top-most apostle. This government model has fundamental advantages over any other known government model.
You cannot understand the Gospel. At least not fully. “If you understand it, then it’s not God” wrote Saint Augustine. When somebody asks us “Tell me the Gospel in 60 seconds”, we are unable to give a clear and concise answer.
We can say that the Gospel is our axiom. We assume that it is a divine message brought to every single human through the life and resurrection of Jesus Christ. It is an eternal message that has always been true and will always remain true. It is beyond any reason. We cannot formulate it in human language. That’s about all we know that the Gospel.
The Scriptures are the best written formulation of the Gospel we have. They are the fruit of the work of the church. The church is the author of the Scriptures. But even our Scriptures are just childish babble compared to the Gospel. You won’t understand the Gospel by just reading the Scriptures.
And yet it is easy to recognize when somebody understood “a sufficient part” of the Gospel. Everyone can see it the fruits: Does he love God? Does he love his neighbor? For example you can love the Bible more than God, or your convictions more than your neighbor.
And even this simple rule of thumb is not water-proof, it is juridically speaking nonsense because “to love” can be interpreted in very different ways. No lawyer and no judge on earth can tell you what “to love” means.
The church can help us to avoid confusion by providing clear answers to what I call indicator questions.
A clear answer to an indicaator question means to say “no” to one option and “yes” to the other.
That said, we need to respect that the convictions of an individual person don’t change overnight, maybe not even during her lifetime. The church must provide for the living of every consecrated person. She cannot undo a consecration . But she must prevent misleading teachings from causing further harm. She must acknowledge that she has published misleading teachings and will probably continue to do so forever. Publishing a misleading teachings is just a mistake, and it becomes a sin only by refusing to confess the mistake.
As soon as you understood “a sufficient part” of the Gospel, you want it to grow it within you, you want to share it with your beloved, with your children, and with all humans. You want to cultivate the Gospel.
I imagine what I would do if the RCC were a software program and if I were the developer responsible for maintaining it.
And I asked many people: where is the bug?
There must be some bug in the church, something she has been doing wrong during centuries. Because otherwise every human would exclaim “look how they love each other!” and would want to learn how we do this.
Muriel found the following short formulation for this bug:
The scriptures, traditions and rites of the church are good. But the church must stop saying: only this is the right way, you can’t get saved otherwise, it must remain like this forever.
In a certain way we stand here with two reports instead of one. This is surprising because both teams were very similar: They both had the same responsible leader. I can witness that each individual member of both teams are valuable and honest people. Both teams were inspired by a burning love for the church. Both teams received the same task.
And yet they come to such contrasting results! Our two documents seem to exclude each other. All test readers had a clear preference for one of them and a clear refusal against the other.
This phenomenon is neither specific to the church nor to Estonia. It happens whenever humans must journey together but lack synodality.
Synodality fails when we aren’t together or when we refuse to journey:
when we exclude others from our community;
when we believe that we have arrived
when we stay in some safe or comfortable harbour instead of moving on
when we believe to know the truth.
Lack of synodality causes individuals to despair, couples to divorce, governments to break, it causes wars between nations, it causes world-wide challenges –like a pandemic or climate changes– to escalate into crises. Humanity is about to destroy itself if we don’t learn synodality.
Synodality is difficult because Humans have different gifts and preferences. Some love to race over a mountain pass road, others fear it. Some love to provocatively speak in public, others love to keep secrets in their hearts. Some love to boycott human-made laws, others love to faithfully apply them; some love to act spontaneously, others love to meticulously plan and report their activities.
When we experience conflicting preferences, one question is how we behave as humans, the other question is how God wants the church to behave. Every individual human, regardless of their gifts and weaknesses, should feel welcome in the church. But the church as an institution is more than her members. She can decide which institutional behaviours to foster, and which behaviours to get rid of.
Synodality is more than unity in diversity. It cannot be measured nor be enforced by laws and rules because it has a divine dimension. The world needs more than synodal governments, it needs a synodal church.
What steps does the Spirit invite us to take in order to grow in our ‘journeying together?’
The gospel is not for sale. Our mission is not to sell it.
The Bible was written by the church. It does not have a single author, nor a clearly defined group of authors. It is a collection of inspired texts that help us with announcing the Gospel. This collection has been tested and maintained for 400 years until it was canonized.
The church is the community of humans who heard the Gospel and decided to follow Jesus.
We need more courage to repent from biblicism and to say clearly that the Gospel itself remains an axiom, which we cannot and do not want to prove. The Church is responsible for protecting the Bible, not for protecting the Gospel. The Bible is just one one way to teach the Gospel. The Gospel needs no guardian.
The message of Dei Verbum, which explains that the Gospel is more than the Bible, is a major asset of the RCC where no compromise should be made.
Many people, both followers and opponents of the Church, see the Bible as a “magic” book that gives “clear” instructions for “getting into Heaven”. The Gospel has nothing magical. Christian faith is about right relationship to reality, not an idolatry of something “supernatural”.
No teaching can be the full truth.
The Church in Estonia has a rather clerical image. Christians say “Speaking about faith should be done by priests and professional teachers” or “I am not wiser than books”.
Every institution is responsible for assigning jobs to their workers and for reassigning a job to another person when needed. We can’t endlessly be careful to not offend anybody.
Love endures and forgives everything, but love is the duty of humans, not of institutions.
Everybody agrees that a worker with pedophilic disorder must not get in contact with children.
But I suggest a similar rule regarding government and leadership: a worker with what I would call a X disorder must not exercise a leading position.
Such disorders, pedophilic and X, happen to get diagnosed only after an assignment, after having caused harm.
Reassigning a leading position to another person because the current assignee has been diagnosed with X can be a very delicate topic. Every concerned person is to be treated with respect for their privacy, honour and reputation. But the church as an institution has no right to privacy, honour or reputation. Never should the institution be permitted to protect herself. The life-long commitment of the church towards her consecrated people does not mean that a person cannot get reassigned.
The church remains responsible employer even for workers who get diagnosed with human weaknesses. There is no reason to hide such cases. The church should assume her responsibility to repair any damage done and to protect us from further damage.
The church should be able to provide legally valid reporting about all her activities.
Just an example. In Estonia the following invitation to the confession of sins (mea culpa) is still used invariantly during each mass:
(…) tunnistagem oma patud, et meid arvataks väärilisteks seda püha ohvrit tooma.
Compare this to common invitations in other congregations:
Im Vertrauen auf Gottes Erbarmen wagen wir, unsere Sünden zu bekennen. (Eupen, 2022-06-19)
There is a fundamental difference between these two formulations. The first one is from before Second Vatican Council. It has been translated 30 years ago by Father Rein Õunapuu and has never been adapted since then.
These words a central part of the Holy Mass. Faithful Catholics know it by heart because they practice it as a routine every Sunday.
The compass knows where the north pole is. It does not know about cliffs. It has no power over the ship. The captain knows about cliffs and knows the destination of the freight. Sometimes the straight route is suboptimal or simply impossible. The Church with power in the visible world would be like a compass that directly controls the steering wheel. A captain refusing to look at the compass would be a blind man trying to lead a blind man (Luke 6:39). An unreliable compass is worse than a weak motor.
See also some separate articles I considered including here:
. Learn to speak clearly. Don’t try to say everything at once.
Stop Trying to Sound Smart When You’re Writing by Liane Davey.
Treat your audience “like they’re idiots. Not because they are, but because what is obvious to you may not be obvious to them. As Sir Richard Branson said: Complexity is your enemy. Any fool can make something complicated. It is hard to keep things simple.” Think of every joke in your speech as a barrier for a part of your audience. (Inspired from The KISS Method For Acquiring Clients by Tim Brownson).
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